With so many variations of Malware that haunt users, some basic care can and should be taken before you have compromised system, or worse, lose your data with an infection like Ransomware, which literally hijacks your data and asks for redemption .
We will list some basic care that should be taken in the Windows operating system, used by most computer and notebook users, the biggest target of virtual thugs , check it out!
Use installed and updated security software
The basics start with keeping a good antivirus installed and up-to-date on your device, if possible a paid protection suite that offers great security levels and the current cost is very low.
Windows itself already comes with a Firewall configured, it is important to keep it active. It takes most decisions automatically, no user questions, if you have a slightly more advanced level can opt for a more advanced Firewall, Comodo is a great option.
It is recommended to use anti-malware to enhance security, MalwareBytes is an excellent free option, as a great advantage the paid version offers real-time protection.
Do not use an account with Administrator privileges
This is a very efficient, free but often overlooked tip. By default if you have a single account in Windows it will be an Administrator account, capable of making any changes to the equipment.
The ideal security thinking is that you protect your Administrator account with a strong password and use a common account to operate the system and surf the internet, even on the equipment where only you use it.
If you happen to slip, click on a link in error, or access a malicious website for example, the chance of you infecting the system using a default account is much lower.
Keep updated Windows and programs
Bug fixes and security breaches are frequently released by Microsoft, so keeping Windows up to date is very important to system security.
The same goes for programs and plugins like Flash Player, Java, among others. Virtual bandits can use breaches open by them to infect the equipment. So check it regularly and if possible use the automatic update checking feature.
Beware of external devices
A simple Pen Drive, External HD or even a memory card can be a port of entry for Malware in the system as these devices end up running on several different equipments and some of them not very reliable.
It is important to keep installed in the system software such as Panda USB Vaccine that prevents that when connected these devices perform actions automatically ( Autorun ).
Always up-to-date backup
This is a tip for the security of your information, regardless of all the security measures taken, always make regular backups of your data. If all else fails, the system gets infected and by chance you lose access to the data, you should have a separate backup to restore everything smoothly after fixing the problem.